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Research Article

Year : 2015 | Volume: 1 | Issue: 1 | Pages: 12-19

Analysis of Tar by Catalytic Pyrolysis of Waste Jute

Ranjana Chowdhary1*, Sourav Poddar, Rima Biswas, Sudipto De2

doi:10.18831/james.in/2015011002

Corresponding author

Ranjana Chowdhary*

Dept. of Chemical Engineering, Jadavpur University, Kolkata, India

  • 1. Dept. of Chemical Engineering, Jadavpur University, Kolkata, India

Received on: 05/21/2015

Revised on: 06/25/2015

Accepted on: 08/08/2015

Published on: 08/08/2015

  • Analysis of Tar by Catalytic Pyrolysis of Waste Jute, Ranjana Chowdhary, Sourav Poddar, Rima Biswas, Sudipto De., 08/08/2015, Journal of Advances in Mechanical Engineering and Science, 1(1), 12-19, http://dx.doi.org/10.18831/james.in/12015011002.

    Published on: 08/08/2015

Abstract

Catalytic pyrolysis involves the production of upgraded liquids in a single step within short residence times. In the present study the catalytic pyrolysis of jute has been investigated using a cylindrical semi-batch pyrolyzer made of stainless steel under both isothermal condition and within the temperature range of 400⁰C to 900⁰C in an inert N2 atmosphere. Aluminium Oxide (Alâ‚‚O₃) was used as the catalyst. Alumina was pre-calcined at 120ºC for 2 hr in muffle furnace before being used in the reactor. Catalyst and jute were mixed directly in the ratio of 1:10. The use of Alâ‚‚O₃ catalyst led to higher tar yield and phenolic compounds in the liquid product. The chemical composition of the pyro – oil was analyzed by Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy to identify the basic compositional groups and Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry to quantify the components. The energy yield of the pyro-oil has been calculated.

Keywords

Aluminum oxide, Productyiel, Pyrolysis kinetic, Pyrolysis, Energy yield, FTIR, GC/MS, Jute.